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You may have heard you need an SSL certificate, but you might not be sure what it is or what it does. No problem. We’re here to help you.
An SSL certificate accomplishes two things.
The SSL certificate enables signs such as a green address bar, a padlock, ‘HTTPS’ prefix, etc. Such signs help you identify if the website you’re on is genuine and secure or not. The nature of such trust signs depend upon the validation level of the SSL certificates and the web browser you are using
Google Chrome and Firefox
All browsers want to protect their users. So, they will show a pesky “Not secure” sign in front of the domain name if the website doesn’t use an SSL certificate. When someone clicks on “Not secure,” they would see an alert message as shown in the example below:
There are mainly three types of SSL certificates – DV, OV, and EV. Let’s understand what these terms mean and what the difference is between them.
Domain Validation (DV) SSL Certificate: DV SSLs are basic SSL certificates that have a light verification process. For DV SSL, the CA will verify only one thing: whether you control the domain for which you have requested an SSL certificate. They’re the cheapest option (starts from $7.02/year), the easiest to get, and can be issued in minutes.
Organization Validated (OV) SSL Certificate: An OV SSL certificate has a stricter vetting process than a DV SSL certificate. In this case, along with verifying the domain name, the applicant has to prove that the website belongs to a genuine business. The CA will check the legal registration details, physical address, office phone number, and the business’s existence in online government directories. It takes 1-3 days to complete the verification process. OV SSL certificates start from $27.44/year.
Extended Validated (EV) SSL Certificate: For Extended validated SSL certificates, the CA follows a rigorous verification process. Your organization must go through all the domain validation (DV) and organization validation (OV) processes. Plus, your business must be in the market for at least three years and in good standing. Only business organizations are eligible to apply for an EV SSL (not individuals). All websites with EV SSL certificates are rewarded by the browsers by displaying the organization’s legally registered name on the address bar or in the certificate details. EV SSL certificates start from $72.18/year.
Assigning a unique set of a public key and private key for your domain name is a one-time process.
When a web browser first accesses a website, the two communicate in what is called the “SSL Handshake.” This is a process where credentials are exchanged, and an encrypted connection is agreed upon.
Let’s understand the SSL Handshake bit-by-bit.
This entire process is called an SSL handshake. After the successful completion of this process, a secure connection is in place between the client and the server. From now on, every bit of data transferred between the browser and server will be encrypted.
Note here that the browser decides whether it trusts the certificate on the basis of whether or not it was issued by a trusted Certificate Authority and whether its information/signature is up to date. And there you have it. That’s how an SSL Certificate enacts encryption between a browser and a server.
We have compared the SSL certificates of all three validation types below.
|Validation Level||Domain Validated||Organization Validated||Extended Validated|
|Organization’s Name On Address Bar or in Browser||No||No||Yes|
|2048-Bit Digital Signature||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|99.9% Browser Compatibility||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Available in Multi-domain Category||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Maximum Issuance Term||5 Years||5 Years||5 Years|
|Speed of Issuance||In minutes||1-3 days||1-5 days|
|Technical Support||24/7/365 live Customer support via live chat, phone call, and email||24/7/365 live Customer support via live chat, phone call, and email||24/7/365 live Customer support via live chat, phone call, and email|
|Site Seal||Static or Dynamic site seal||Dynamic site seal||Dynamic site seal|
|Free Unlimited Server Licenses||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Lowest Available Price||$7.02/year||$27.44/year||$72.18/year|
|SHOP NOW||SHOP NOW||SHOP NOW|